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Active Global Seismology : Neotectonics and Earthquake Potential of the Eastern Mediterranean Region
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Mediterranean Region is one of the rarely studied areas for active tectonism, subduction and related natural hazards in the past two decades. This volume will focus on the Neotectonics of the Eastern Mediterranean region which has experienced many major extensive earthquakes, including the devastating Izmit, Turkey earthquake (Mw=7.4), which occurred midnight on August 17, 1999. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17 thousand people, injuring 43,953 people (official Turkish government estimate), and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. Since then, several North American, European and Turkish research groups have been studying the neotectonics and earthquake potential of the region by using different geological and geophysical methods, including GPS studies, geodesy and passive source seismology. Some results from their studies were presented in major North American and European geological meetings. However, the first comprehensive collection of research case studies of this region was presented at the 2013 AGU fall meeting last year, which included 8 oral and 12 poster presentations focusing on Neotectonics of Anatolia, Turkey. This session brought researchers from all over the world together and provided a formal discussion on several important issues related to the neotectonics and earthquake potential of the region. This volume will be thus an outcome of the collective research that was presented at the AGU fall meeting 2013.
The Eastern Mediterranean Region contains one of the world's longest and best studied active strike-slip (horizontal motion) faults: the east-west trending North Anatolian fault zone, which is very similar to the San Andreas fault in California. Thus, the chapters included in the AGU volume will have widespread applications in measuring plate motion and will also have strong implications in predicting natural disasters like earthquakes both on a regional and a global scale.