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Activism and Aid : Young Citizens' Experiences of Development and Democracy in Timor-Leste (Paperback)

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In this treatise, Wigglesworth examines the nation building of Timor-Leste, a process that was heralded by their declaration of independence in 1975 but largely proceeded in the 21st century after full international recognition was given to the country in 2002. She particularly examines the tension between three different generations trying to shape the new nation: the older generation who drafted and fought for the declaration of independence, the self-identified "youth" born in its immediate aftermath, and the current youth born post-1990 who have grown up with an understanding of an independent Timor-Leste and graduated from its educational systems. The book begins with a glossary of acronyms, Tetun and Portugeuse terminology, and a map of the area. The introduction offers an overview of Timor-Leste's history and introduces the themes to be explored including the role of international aid, development planning, and the U.N., the political crisis of 2006-2008, the role of participatory citizenship in birthing a successful new nation, and the balance between external support and indigenous practice. The first chapter introduces the history of Timor-Leste including two occupations, and activism in the last quarter of the twentieth century to throw off oppressors. The ensuing international development intervention is then discussed, how it felt to some communities like a new invasion, as well as the transition to formally recognized local government. The second half of the book shifts to issues within the new civil society that have been significantly affected by the shift, including gender equality, an overabundance of work-seeking youth, urbanization, linguistic identity, and rural-inclusive governance. Distributed in the US by ISBS. Annotation ©2016 Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR (

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