Loading, please wait...
:

product description page

America Classifies the Immigrants : From Ellis Island to the 2020 Census - by Joel Perlmann (Hardcover)

America Classifies the Immigrants : From Ellis Island to the 2020 Census -  by Joel Perlmann (Hardcover) - image 1 of 1

About this item

When more than twenty million immigrants arrived in the United States between 1880 and 1920, the government attempted to classify them according to prevailing ideas about race and nationality. But this proved hard to do. Ideas about racial or national difference were slippery, contested, and yet consequential—were “Hebrews” a “race,” a “religion,” or a “people”? As Joel Perlmann shows, a self-appointed pair of officials created the government’s 1897 List of Races and Peoples, which shaped exclusionary immigration laws, the wording of the U.S. Census, and federal studies that informed social policy. Its categories served to maintain old divisions and establish new ones.

Across the five decades ending in the 1920s, American immigration policy built increasingly upon the belief that some groups of immigrants were desirable, others not. Perlmann traces how the debates over this policy institutionalized race distinctions—between whites and nonwhites, but also among whites—in immigration laws that lasted four decades.

Despite a gradual shift among social scientists from “race” to “ethnic group” after the 1920s, the diffusion of this key concept among government officials and the public remained limited until the end of the 1960s. Taking up dramatic changes to racial and ethnic classification since then, America Classifies the Immigrants concentrates on three crucial reforms to the American Census: the introduction of Hispanic origin and ancestry (1980), the recognition of mixed racial origins (2000), and a rethinking of the connections between race and ethnic group (proposed for 2020).

Number of Pages: 451
Genre: History, Social Science
Format: Hardcover
Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
Author: Joel Perlmann
Language: English
Street Date: March 5, 2018
TCIN: 53233923
UPC: 9780674425057
Item Number (DPCI): 248-58-1428
If the item details above aren’t accurate or complete, we want to know about it. Report incorrect product info.
$45.00
Loading, please wait...

Guest reviews

Prices, promotions, styles and availability may vary by store & online. See our price match guarantee. See how a store is chosen for you.