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Archaeological Rescue Excavations on Packages 3 and 4 of the Batinah Expressway, Sultanate of Oman
About this item
This report presents the results of rescue excavations conducted during the spring and summer of 2014 in preparation for the construction of the Batinah Expressway (Packages 3 and 4) on the Batinah coastal plain in al-Batinah North Governate. Through previous survey work by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture and a team from Durham University and Sultan Qaboos University, it was known that the development footprint included upwards of sixty archaeological sites, the vast majority of which are stone cairn burials. The project was designed to recover and record as much information from these sites as possible through rectified photography, survey, excavation, and study of finds and human bones prior to their destruction. In addition to this primary function, the results of the excavations also present a useful archaeological cross section of the foothills of the Hajar Mountains where they meet the Batinah plain. They represent various archaeological periods from the Neolithic through to the post- Iron Age ‘Samad’ and Sasanian periods and — along with the results of the rescue excavations in the other packages of the Expressway and ongoing research projects around the Batinah — emphasize the previously unrecognized richness of the area’s archaeological record. The data from the excavations has also suggested something of a rethinking of Omani tomb forms in this area, in particular in relation to possible Iron Age burial traditions, in addition to the previously recognized Hafit tradition.
Number of Pages: 220
Genre: History, Social Science
Publisher: David Brown Book Co
Author: Ben Saunders
Street Date: September 7, 2016
Item Number (DPCI): 248-30-9076
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