# Basic Principles and Calculations in Process Technology (Hardcover) (T. David Griffith)

A Practical Guide to Physical and Chemical Principles and Calculations for Today’s Process Control Operator

In Basic Principles and Calculations in Process Technology,author T. David Griffith walks process technologists through the basic principles that govern their operations, helping them collaborate with chemical engineers to improve both safety and productivity. He shows process operators how to go beyond memorizing rules and formulas to understand the underlying science and physical laws, so they can accurately interpret anomalies, and respond appropriately when exact rules or calculation methods don’t exist.

Using simple algebra and non-technical analogies, Griffith explains each idea and technique without calculus. He introduces each topic by explaining why it matters to process technologists, and offers numerous examples that show how key principles are applied and calculations are performed. For end-of-chapter problems, he provides both calculations and plain-English discussions of how and why they work. Chapter appendixes provide more advanced information for further exploration.

Coverage includes

• Preparing to solve problems by carefully organizing them and establishing consistent sets of measures
• Calculating areas and volumes, including complex objects and interpolation
• Understanding Boyle’s Law, Charles’s Law, and the Ideal Gas Law
• Predicting the behavior of gases under extreme conditions
• Applying thermodynamic laws to calculate work and changes in gas enthalpy, and to recognize operational problems
• Explaining phase equilibria for distillation and fractionalization
• Estimating chemical reaction speed to optimize control
• Balancing material or energy as they cross system boundaries
• Using material balance calculations to confirm quality control and prevent major problems
• Calculating energy balances and using them to troubleshoot poor throughput
• Understanding fluid flow, including shear, viscosity, laminar and turbulent flows, vectors, and tensors
• Characterizing the operation of devices that transport heat energy for heating or cooling
• Analyzing mass transfer in separation processes for materials purification

Basic Principles and Calculations in Process Technologyis an indis

There is growing demand for a new generation of process control operators: a demand that is typically served through Process Technology programs at community and junior colleges. The field's Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT) has identified the physics and chemistry knowledge needed by process operators, but until now, no single textbook brought together that knowledge. Basic Principles and Calculations in Process Technology fills this significant gap in the marketplace, covering all relevant foundational chemical and physical science. By doing so, this classroom-tested book will help process operators to go beyond simply following rules, and interpret what is occurring during an anomaly. It also establishes a firm basis for communication between operators and the chemical engineers who will supervise them. Coverage includes:

• Basic concepts, units of measure, conversion factors, and areas/volumes
• Gas Laws: P/V/T Boyles Law
• Thermodynamics: Energy, heat, and work
• Shell balances: material energy and laboratory calculations
• Reaction kinetics: slow vs. fast; complex mechanisms with intermediates
• Transport phenomena: fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer diffusion
• Relevant economics: accounting material balance, DROI, discounted rate of return on investment

Number of Pages: 617
Genre: Technology
Sub-Genre: Engineering / Mechanical
Format: Hardcover
Publisher: Pearson College Div
Author: T. David Griffith
Language: English
Street Date: September 12, 2015
TCIN: 46777446
UPC: 9780133388336
Item Number (DPCI): 247-52-1894
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