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Confronting the Challenges of Urbanization in China : Insights from Social Science Perspectives
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Since the late 1970s, China has experienced an unprecedented pace of urbanization. In 1978, only 17.8% of the population resided in urban areas, but by 2013 the level of urbanization reached 53.8%. During the same period, China also enjoyed spectacular economic growth. China had become the second-largest economy in the world by 2012, just behind the United States. Despite China’s highly acclaimed achievements in urbanization and its economic miracle, urban China confronts a set of significant challenges.
This edited collection addresses some of the key challenges facing China’s urbanization. It provides theoretically informed and empirically rich discussions of cutting-edge urban issues in China. The first part deals with new patterns of urbanization focusing on comprehensive measures of urbanization and environmental dimensions of urbanization. The second part of the book focuses on several aspects related to migrants in cities: migrant entrepreneurship, return migration, and local people’s attitudes toward migrants. The final section examines two key issues important for migrants, urban local residents, and policy-makers that have become quite contentious in China today: housing and urban health care.