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Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia : Martyrdom and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity
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It is widely believed that the Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity politicized religious allegiances—that it divided the Christian Roman Empire from the Zoroastrian Sasanian Empire and led to the persecution of Christians in Persia. But this account is based upon Greek ecclesiastical histories and Syriac martyrdom narratives that date to centuries after the fact. In this groundbreaking study, Kyle Smith analyzes diverse Greek, Latin, and Syriac sources to show that there was not, and has never been, just one history of fourth-century Mesopotamia. By examining the conflicting hagiographical and historical evidence,Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia presents an evocative and evolving portrait of the first Christian emperor, one that uncovers how Syriac Christians manipulated the image of their western Christian counterparts to fashion their own political and religious identities during this century of radical change.