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Deep Metaphysics of Space : An Alternative History and Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism
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This volume explores the inadequacies of the two standard conceptions of space and time, and in the process, proposes a new historical interpretation of these physical theories. This book also examines and develops alternative ontological conceptions of space, and explores additional historical elements of seventeenth century theories and other metaphysical themes.
The authors first discuss the two main opposing theories of space and time. One, known as substantivalism, proposes space to be an entity that can exist independently. The other, relationism, contends that space is a relation among material things. Readers will learn about specific problems with this dichotomy. First, Newton and Leibniz are often upheld as the retrospective forerunners of substantivalism and relationism. But, their work often contradicts the central tenets of these views. Second, these theories have proven problematic when transferred to a modern setting, especially with regards to general relativity and the recent quantum gravity hypotheses.
The authors detail an alternative set of concepts that address these problems. They also develop a new classificational system that provides a more accurate taxonomy for the elements of all spatial ontologies. This classification obtains successful analogies between Newton, Leibniz, and other natural philosophers with contemporary physical theories.