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Ethics, Efficiency and Macroeconomics in China : From Mao to XI (Paperback) (Jonathan Leightner)
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This book tells the story of how China’s leaders, from Mao to Xi, have sacrificed ethics to promote either macroeconomic performance or microeconomic efficiency. This story includes Mao’s collectivization of land, the Great Leap Forward, the Great Cultural Revolution, Deng’s opening China to international trade, Tiananmen Square, the freeing of prices, food and medicine scandals, the 2015 surge and collapse of the Chinese stock market, the falling of China’s foreign reserves, etc. In 2008, China’s leaders correctly identified the best strategy as a "consumption driven growth strategy" because the current world is suffering from a glut of savings. However, for that strategy to work, the Chinese need to be able to trust China’s economy and leaders. In the absence of trust, people will make decisions based on extremely short time frames which will hurt China’s long run potential and continue to generate a series of speculative bubbles. In the absence of trust, wealthy Chinese will continue to move their assets abroad putting tremendous downward pressure on the Chinese yuan. The Chinese will develop a long run perspective and invest in China only when they can trust China’s future. In today’s world, trust is necessary. Trust is built on ethics.