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From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality (Hardcover) (Kevin Carnahan)
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For the last several decades, the Just War debate amongst theologians has been dominated by two accounts of moral rationality. One side assumes a presumption against harm (PAH), and the other identifies with a presumption against injustice (PAI). From Presumption to Prudence in Just War Reasoning argues that the time has come to leave behind these two viewpoints in favor of a prudentially grounded approach to Just War thinking.
In part one of the book Carnahan offers immanent critiques of both the PAI and PAH positions. In the following part, utilising Paul’s treatment of the atonement and use of the idea of the imitation of Christ, he lays out an alternative to the ways in which theologians in favour of the PAI or PAH have construed the Christian narrative. Carnahan then deals with the decline of prudence in modern ethics, and develops a neo-Aristotelian account of prudence. Drawing on this account, he explores what just war rationality would look like if it were prudentially grounded. Finally, an account of the virtues of responsibility, criticalness, patience, and realism is presented to show how these virtues are essential to prudentially grounded Just War thinking.
This book offers a compelling new perspective on this important and pertinent subject. As such academics and students in Religion, Theology, Philosophy, Ethics and Political Theory will all find it an invaluable resource on Just War theory.