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Integrating the Orioles : Baseball and Race in Baltimore (Paperback) (Bob Luke)

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The struggle to integrate the Baltimore Orioles mirrored the fight for civil rights in Baltimore. The Orioles debuted in 1954, the same year the Supreme Court struck down public school segregation. As Baltimore experienced demonstrations, white flight and a 1968 riot, team integration came slowly. Black players--mostly outfielders--made cameo appearances as black fans stayed away in droves. The breakthrough came in 1966, with the arrival of a more enlightened owner, and African American superstar Frank Robinson. As more black players filled the roster, the Orioles dominated the American League from 1969 through much of the 1970s and into the early 1980s. Attempts to integrate the team's executive suite were less successful. While black players generally did not participate in civil rights actions, several under Robinson's leadership pushed for front office jobs for former black players. Drawing on primary sources and interviews with former executives, players and sportswriters, this book tells the story of the integration of the Orioles. The author describes how tensions between community leaders and team officials aborted negotiations to both increase black attendance and put an African American in the club's executive ranks.
Number of Pages: 203
Genre: Sports + Recreation, Social Science, History
Sub-Genre: USA / State + Local / Middle Atlantic, Baseball / History, Ethnic Studies / African-American Studies
Format: Paperback
Publisher: McFarland Publishing
Author: Bob Luke
Language: English
Street Date: January 14, 2016
TCIN: 21512178
UPC: 9781476662121
Item Number (DPCI): 247-49-0917
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