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Origin of Modern Shinto in Japan : The Vanquished Gods of Izumo (Hardcover) (Yijiang Zhong)
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Yijiang Zhong analyses the formation of Shinto as a separate and autonomous religious tradition in early modern Japan, 1600-1868. Highlighting the role of the god Okuninushi and the mythology centered on the Izumo Shrine in western Japan as part of this process, he shows how and why this god came to be ignored in State Shinto in the modern period until the end of World War II.
In doing so, Zhong moves away from the traditional understanding of Shinto history as something completely internal to the nation of Japan, and instead situates the formation of Shinto within a larger geopolitical context involving developments in the East Asian region and the role of western colonial expansion.
The book draws extensively on primary source materials in Japan, many of which were only made available to the public less than a decade ago and have not yet been studied. Source materials analysed include shrine records and object materials, contemporary written texts, official materials from the national and provincial levels, and a broad range of visual sources based on contemporary printing, drawing, photographs and material culture.