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Peacebuilding and Friction : Global and Local Encounters in Post-Conflict Societies (Hardcover)
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This book aims to understand the processes of and the outcomes that arise from frictional encounters in peacebuilding, when global and local forces meet.
Building sustainable peace after violent conflict is a process that entails competing ideas, political contestation and transformation of power relations. During peacebuilding interventions, formal and informal, external and internal, state- and non-state actors, struggle for influence. This book aims to unpack the interplay between global ideas, actors and practices and their local counterparts. It explores the precariousness and unpredictability of peacebuilding by examining the friction that occurs where the global and local interact. Analysing these frictional encounters prepares the ground for a better understanding of the mixed impact peace initiatives have on post-conflict societies. The approach of this book also unravels the question of agency by unsettling the boundaries between the global and the local and examining the interaction between the two.
The volume develops the concept of ‘friction’ to question the assumptions embedded in global-local encounters, and adapts this concept and applies it to the field of peacebuilding. Friction is understood as an unexpected and generative process of global interaction that allows creative re-imaginations as an organic response to ‘awkward engagements’. Here, friction is used to illuminate how new political, social, and cultural dynamics are produced in peacebuilding sites, but it is also forwarded as a way to understand how global ideas pertaining to peace are charged and changed by their encounters with post-conflict realities. It thus understands friction as a process triggered by global-local encounters rather than as an outcome of such frictional peacebuilding encounters. Further, the eventual, often ‘hybrid’ outcome, is not necessarily a negative development for the concerned societies, as the process of friction can facilitate change for the better. The chapters analyse societies emerging from violent conflicts and the peacebuilding efforts undertaken to promote sustainable peace. Together, they clearly demonstrate the ambivalent and complex relationship between global and local actors as well as their short- and long-term reciprocal impacts and thereby uncover the unintended, unexpected and sometimes even counter-productive hybrid results of peacebuilding interventions.
This book will be of much interest to students of peacebuilding, conflict resolution, security studies and IR in general.