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Peacebuilding and Post-war Transitions : Assessing the Impact of External-domestic Interactions
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This book asks how, and under what conditions, external-domestic interactions impact on peacebuilding outcomes during transitions to peace and democracy.
Why do so many post-war states end in stalled transitions although powerful peacebuilding missions support the journey to peace and democracy? This book explores the logic of external-domestic interactions at the local level in Kosovo based on eight in-depth case studies. It thereby aims to theoretically and empirically enrich the small but growing literature on strategic interaction and bargaining in post-conflict peacebuilding. The book argues that interactions make stalled transitions the most likely outcome of peacebuilding interventions because ad-hoc interaction tactics of prioritisation, selectivity and leverage provide domestic elites with leeway to capture peacebuilding for own ends. It finds that external-domestic interactions influence the outcome of peacebuilding reforms not only due to strategic behaviour of actors involved but also due to the use of ad-hoc interaction tactics that result from the bounded rationality of actors involved.
To picture external-domestic interactions in post-war transitions to peace and democracy, the book develops a novel analytical framework - the ‘interactive model of peacebuilding’. This framework allows tracing interaction processes over time, enables a systematic comparison and permits the identification of interaction patterns. The ‘interactive model of peacebuilding’ is organized around a set of categories: (1) international interaction tactics such as selectivity, prioritisation and leverage, (2) a set of concrete ‘instruments‘ used by each side in the interaction, (3) the environment of interaction that influences domestic adoption costs and (4) a set of possible peacebuilding outcomes. The book is innovative in that builds its analytical framework on inductively derived insights from careful and systematic analysis of empirical data at the micro-level.
This book will be of much interest to students of peacebuilding, war and conflict studies, European politics, security studies and IR in general.