HISTORY OF ESPRESSO: Espresso is a specialty coffee brewed by forcing small amounts of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. Espresso is generally more highly concentrated than coffee brewed by other methods, often featuring a rich flavor and a creamy foam on top.EXCEPTIONAL DESIGN: The Primula 12-Cup Aluminum Espresso Maker features a modern, stylish design with a high-quality aluminum body. The handle is made from a heat resistant plastic that not only provides you with a firm and reliable grip, but also allows your hand to stay cool during use. Its efficient layout forces pressurized water through coffee grounds, and deposits a rich, full bodied espresso blend into the serving chamber.ESPRESSO IS VERSATILE: Espresso is one of the most popular ways to consume coffee, and this espresso maker can be used to make popular and delicious coffee recipes like cappuccinos, lattes, americanos, macchiatos and mochas. Espresso can also be enjoyed as a shot for those who enjoy fuller flavored coffee.EASY TO USE INSTRUCTIONS: Unscrew the top and remove the filter funnel from the base. Fill the base with fresh water up to the level of the safety valve and insert the filter funnel. Fill the filter funnel with finely ground coffee (do not press down), and screw the top firmly to the base.USE & CARE: Easy to clean and easy to use. Place the espresso maker on low to medium heat, and within 3-5 minutes, delicious espresso will fill the serving chamber. Serve immediately.