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Stress and Environmental Regulation of Gene Expression and Adaptation in Bacteria (Hardcover) (Frans J.
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The topic of environmental control of gene expression and adaptation in bacteria is a very active field. This book focuses on original research papers in a large variety of different organisms, rather than simply reviewing model systems. The scope covers 24 different topics and provides selected new reviews as well as a series of research chapters for each topic. Altogether it provides a detailed and broad overview of the field and emphasizes differences and commonalities in different organisms. Most of the chapters will use molecular techniques and advanced biochemical analyses.Bacteria in various habitats are subject to continuously changing environmental conditions, such as nutrient limitation, heat and cold stress, UV radiation, oxidative stress and osmolarity fluctuations, dessication conditions, acid stress, nitrosative stresss, cell envelope” stress, heavy metal exposure etc. and respond via changes in gene expression using a variety of different genetic mechanisms. They may also adapt in other ways by forming filaments or biofilms, which often involve intercellular communication, such as quorum sensing. The changes in gene expression are generally specific for a given stress and involve sophisticated mechanisms such as bi component regulatory circuits, alternative sigma factors, toxin-antitoxin systems, small non coding RNA’s, alarmones, DNA repair, chaperones, efflux pumps and others. In this book numerous examples of the different environmental control mechanisms in a large variety of different bacteria are presented.The first chapter will be an introduction to the book by the Editor, giving the background to the field, and its aims, describing the flow of sections and chapters and highlighting sections and individual contributions. The second section will contain a number Focus Chapters (reviews) introducing the main topics of the book. The third section will cover the role of one to three component regulatory systems in the response to changing environmental conditions. The fourth section will address the role of alternative sigma factors under stress conditions. The fifth section will cover the recent subfield of small non-coding RNA’s in stress responses. The sixth section will review the role of toxin-antitoxin systems in stress responses in different bacteria. The seventh section will cover the canonical stringent response to stress in a variety of bacteria. The eighth and ninth sections will cover UV irradiation responses in different bacteria and the canonical SOS repair system, while the tenth section will address the issue of double stranded break repair. The eleventh and twelfth sections will discuss the response of a variety of bacteria to oxidative and osmotic stress environmental conditions, The thirteenth section will cover dessication tolerance and drought stress in bacteria. The