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Toxic Trauma : A Basic Clinical Guide (Hardcover) (David J. Baker)
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This second edition will update readers about recent chemical agent events and address the often misrepresented relationship between chemical and biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons; this text will go beyond existing information on poisoning and clinical toxicology to provide emergency personnel and others with a holistic approach to the increasing likelihood of having to manage individual or mass exposure to industrial and chemical warfare agents as well as to work safely and avoid the risks presented to medical and nursing personnel from secondary contamination. The exposure to toxic substances can affect all systems of the body causing many pathophysiological pathways of damage that converge with those identified in conventional physical trauma, in which then, these compounded symptoms can be identified as toxic trauma. The text considers the nature and basic science of these hazards as well as the practical management of persons exposed to chemicals and toxins with unfamiliar medical conditions and who require urgent treatment (which, although the conditions are of biological origin, they behave as chemicals in terms of their effects and transmission). The approach taken will be essentially clinically--based but with explanations of the underlying mechanisms that unify the syndromes with which victims present.
Mirroring the format of the first edition, individual chapters cover the development and classification of chemical toxic agents, how exposure can occur and how medical personnel should be involved in its management. There is also consideration of the nature of toxic trauma and the pathophysiological processes involved, together with a systematic approach to early and continuing management supported by specific examples of incidents. This guide is a useful practical resource for emergency medical and paramedical personnel involved in the management of mass chemical casualties and with ensuring safe operating procedures within potentially contaminated areas to prevent secondary casualties from a chemical release.