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Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease (Hardcover)

Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease (Hardcover) - image 1 of 1

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Vitamin D deficiency, circulating levels lower than 15 ng/ml, is an epidemic disease worldwide with  more than a billion people suffering of it in the beginning of the 21-century. Besides its impact on mineral and bone metabolism, these low vitamin D levels are also associated with a diversity of non-skeletal complications, among them cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, multiple sclerosis, cancer, tuberculosis, and immune system dysfunction. Chronic Kidney Disease is also a very common disease, affecting more than 10% of the world population, ranging from stage 1 to stage 5 before dialysis. Approximately 1% of the population in industrialized countries is affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), needing a renal replacement therapy either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, and ultimately by renal transplantation. Those CKD patients are more susceptible to exhibit reduced vitamin D stocks. Consequently, more than eighty percent of CKD patients have either insufficient or deficient vitamin D levels for multiple reasons.
Genre: Medical
Format: Hardcover
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Language: English
Street Date: October 23, 2016
TCIN: 51553215
UPC: 9783319325057
Item Number (DPCI): 248-23-9776

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