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Western Muslims and Conflicts Abroad : Conflict Spillovers to Diasporas (Hardcover) (Juris Pupcenoks)
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This book develops a conceptual and theoretical explanation for why reactive conflict spillovers (political violence in response to conflicts abroad) occur in some migrant-background communities in the West but not in others. Utilizing rigorous, mixed-methods case study analysis, the author comparatively analyses the reactions of the Pakistani community in London and the Arab-Muslim community in Detroit to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq during the decade following 9/11. Both communities are of a similar size. They are mobilized and politically active. However, while London has experienced reactive conflict spillover, Detroit has remained largely peaceful. Key empirical evidence derives from public opinion polls, statistical datasets, more than sixty interviews with Muslim community leaders and activists, ethnographic research in London and Detroit, and open-source data.
The key findings show that, with regards to activism in response to foreign policy events, Muslim migrant communities primarily politically mobilize on the basis of their ethnicity (not religion). Furthermore, reactive political violence in reaction to conflicts abroad occurs in migrant-background communities with strong ethnic identities in localities characterized by: (1) policies allowing immigration of violent radicals, or (2) the presence of radical groups, or (3) connections with radical networks abroad.