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What Kind of Democracy? : Participation, Inclusiveness and Contestation (Hardcover) (Katerina
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The broad expansion of non-electoral political participation is considered one of the major changes in the nature of democratic citizenship in the 21st century. The mass character and importance of political activism between elections is evident in such mobilizations as Occupy Wall Street, anti-austerity demonstrations, and the large boycott campaigns organized all over the world. Most scholars – but also governments, transnational and subnational political institutions, and various foundations – have adopted the notion that contemporary democratic societies need a more politically active citizenry. Yet, contemporary democracies widely differ in the extent to which their citizens get involved in politics beyond voting. Political activism other than voting is flourishing in the United States, but is less common in Britain and almost non-existent in post-communist countries like Bulgaria.What Kind of Democracy? is the first book to provide a theoretically driven empirical analysis of how different types of democratic arrangements affect individual participation in non-electoral politics.