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Youth Gangs (Paperback) (Ph.D. Robert J. Franzese & Ph.D. Herbert C. Covey & Ph.D. Scott Menard)

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This volume examines youth gangs in the US comprising members from adolescence to emerging adulthood. It explains terminology and definitions, youth gang structure, demographic characteristics, and gang behavior; gang violence; racial and ethnic differences and the role of race and ethnicity in gang membership and behavior; female gangs and membership; gangs in historical and international perspective; typological and theoretical approaches to the study of gangs and their behavior; legislative and justice system efforts to deter gang crime and membership; intervention and assistance programs outside the justice system; and the future of youth gangs in the US and elsewhere. This edition has updated and expanded discussion of definitional issues; recent data from the National Youth Gang Survey; material on the evolving economic nature of gangs, gang use of the internet and social media, the victimization of gang members, and involvement in drug use and sales; a new section on youth gangs in the new millennium; new developments in the application of biosocial, psychological, and life course developmental theories to gangs; and recent material on interventions. Annotation ©2016 Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR (

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